Wang, Yang, Zhang, Wang, Liu, Xin (2019) The Effect of Social-Emotional Competency on Child Development in Western China Frontiers in psychology 10() 1282
This study investigated the effects of social-emotional competency on pupils' academic achievement, academic emotions and attitudes, and interpersonal relationships. Participants were 7106 fourth-grade and fifth-grade students in western China. The results were: (1) social-emotional competency positively predicted pupils' academic achievement (including reading, mathematics, and science); (2) social-emotional competency predicted pupils' academic emotions and attitudes, including learning anxiety and interest, and academic emotions and attitudes played a mediating role in the relation between social-emotional competency and academic achievement; and (3) social-emotional competency positively predicted pupils' interpersonal relationships, including peer relationships and teacher-student relationships, and interpersonal relationships played a mediating role in the relation between social-emotional competency and academic achievement. These findings highlighted the importance of social-emotional competency to child development in western China, where many children might lack their parents' company.