Zhang, Bi, Wu, Chen, Li, Song, Dai, Xu, Song (2019) High-Performance CsPbIBr2 Perovskite Solar Cells: Effectively Promoted Crystal Growth by Antisolvent and Organic Ion Strategies ACS applied materials & interfaces 11(37) 33868-33878
Growing attention has been paid to CsPbIBr2 perovskite solar cells (PSCs) after balancing the band gap and stability features of the interested full-inorganic perovskites. However, their power-conversion efficiency (PCE) still lags behind that of the PSCs using hybrid halide perovskite and how to increase the corresponding PCE is still a challenge. Herein, antisolvents and organic ion surface passivation strategies were systematically applied to precisely control the growth of CsPbIBr2 crystals for constructing a high-quality full-inorganic perovskite film. Through careful adjustments, a CsPbIBr2 film with a pure phase, full coverage, and high crystallinity with preferable (100) orientation was successfully obtained by introducing diethyl ether as the antisolvent followed by guanidinium surface passivation. The optimal CsPbIBr2 film was composed by a large grain with an average size of 950 nm, few grain boundaries, and higher hydrophobic property. Planer PSC using the optimal CsPbIBr2 film and electron-beam-deposited TiO2 compact layer exhibits a PCE of 9.17%, which ranks among the highest PCE range of the reported CsPbIBr2 PSCs. Besides, the designed CsPbIBr2 PSC exhibited good long-term stability, which could maintain 90% of the initial PCE in 40% humidity ambient, which remained constant after heat treatment at 100 °C for 100 h. Based on the optimal CsPbIBr2 film, the flexible and large-area (up to 225 mm2) PSCs were further fabricated. The adopted film improvement methods were further extended to other kinds of full-organic PSCs, which demonstrated the universality of this strategy.