Miao, Zhang, Wu, Hu, Shi, Zhou (2019) Quadruple perovskite ruthenate as a highly efficient catalyst for acidic water oxidation Nature communications 10(1) 3809
Development of highly active and durable oxygen-evolving catalysts in acid media is a major challenge to design proton exchange membrane water electrolysis for producing hydrogen. Here, we report a quadruple perovskite oxide CaCu3Ru4O12 as a superior catalyst for acidic water oxidation. This complex oxide exhibits an ultrasmall overpotential of 171 mV at 10 mA cm-2geo, which is much lower than that of the state-of-the-art RuO2. Moreover, compared to RuO2, CaCu3Ru4O12 shows a significant increase in mass activity by more than two orders of magnitude and much better stability. Density functional theory calculations reveal that the quadruple perovskite catalyst has a lower Ru 4d-band center relative to RuO2, which effectively optimizes the binding energy of oxygen intermediates and thereby enhances the catalytic activity.