Wan, Cai, Han, Mwizerwa, Wang, Yao (2019) Construction of 3D Electronic/Ionic Conduction Networks for All-Solid-State Lithium Batteries Small (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany) 15(50) e1905849

Abstract

High and balanced electronic and ionic transportation networks with nanoscale distribution in solid-state cathodes are crucial to realize high-performance all-solid-state lithium batteries. Using Cu2 SnS3 as a model active material, such a kind of solid-state Cu2 SnS3 @graphene-Li7 P3 S11 nanocomposite cathodes are synthesized, where 5-10 nm Cu2 SnS3 nanoparticles homogenously anchor on the graphene nanosheets, while the Li7 P3 S11 electrolytes uniformly coat on the surface of Cu2 SnS3 @graphene composite forming nanoscaled electron/ion transportation networks. The large amount of nanoscaled triple-phase boundary in cathode ensures high power density due to high ionic/electronic conductions and long cycle life due to uniform and reduced volume change of nano-Cu2 SnS3. The Cu2 SnS3 @graphene-Li7 P3 S11 cathode layer with 2.0 mg cm-2 loading in all-solid-state lithium batteries demonstrates a high reversible discharge specific capacity of 813.2 mAh g-1 at 100 mA g-1 and retains 732.0 mAh g-1 after 60 cycles, corresponding to a high energy density of 410.4 Wh kg-1 based on the total mass of Cu2 SnS3 @graphene-Li7 P3 S11 composite based cathode. Moreover, it exhibits excellent rate capability and high-rate cycling stability, showing reversible capacity of 363.5 mAh g-1 at 500 mA g-1 after 200 cycles. The study provides a new insight into constructing both electronic and ionic conduction networks for all-solid-state lithium batteries. © 2019 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

Links

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31833666
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/smll.201905849

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