Song, Sun, Wang, Wang (2019) [Automatic classification method of arrhythmia based on discriminative deep belief networks] Sheng wu yi xue gong cheng xue za zhi = Journal of biomedical engineering = Shengwu yixue gongchengxue zazhi 36(3) 444-452
Existing arrhythmia classification methods usually use manual selection of electrocardiogram (ECG) signal features, so that the feature selection is subjective, and the feature extraction is complex, leaving the classification accuracy usually affected. Based on this situation, a new method of arrhythmia automatic classification based on discriminative deep belief networks (DDBNs) is proposed. The morphological features of heart beat signals are automatically extracted from the constructed generative restricted Boltzmann machine (GRBM), then the discriminative restricted Boltzmann machine (DRBM) with feature learning and classification ability is introduced, and arrhythmia classification is performed according to the extracted morphological features and RR interval features. In order to further improve the classification performance of DDBNs, DDBNs are converted to deep neural network (DNN) using the Softmax regression layer for supervised classification in this paper, and the network is fine-tuned by backpropagation. Finally, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Beth Israel Hospital Arrhythmia Database (MIT-BIH AR) is used for experimental verification. For training sets and test sets with consistent data sources, the overall classification accuracy of the method is up to 99.84% ± 0.04%. For training sets and test sets with inconsistent data sources, a small number of training sets are extended by the active learning (AL) method, and the overall classification accuracy of the method is up to 99.31% ± 0.23%. The experimental results show the effectiveness of the method in arrhythmia automatic feature extraction and classification. It provides a new solution for the automatic extraction of ECG signal features and classification for deep learning.