Luo, Wei, Yang, Pang, Shi, Wei, Liao, Wang (2019) Exosomal lncRNA HNF1A-AS1 affects cisplatin resistance in cervical cancer cells through regulating microRNA-34b/TUFT1 axis Cancer cell international 19() 323

Abstract

There is growing evidence of the role of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in cervical cancer (CC). The objective was to discuss whether exosomal lncRNA HNF1A-AS1 impacted drug resistance in CC via binding to microRNA-34b (miR-34b) and regulating TUFT1 expression. The expression of HNF1A-AS1 in normal cervical epithelial cells, cisplatin (DDP)-sensitive cell line (HeLa/S) and DDP-resistant cell line (HeLa/DDP) cells were detected. HeLa/S and HeLa/DDP cells were interfered with HNF1A-AS1 to determine IC50, proliferation, colony formation and apoptosis of CC cells. The exosomes were isolated and identified. Subcellular localization of HNF1A-AS1, expression of miR-34b and TUFT1 in receptor cells were also verified. The binding site between HNF1A-AS1 and miR-34b, together with miR-34b and TUFT1 were confirmed. Tumorigenic ability of cells in nude mice was also detected. HNF1A-AS1 was upregulated in DDP-resistant cell line HeLa/DDP. Silencing HNF1A-AS1 suppressed CC cell proliferation and promoted its apoptosis. HNF1A-AS1 was found to act as a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) of miR-34b to promote the expression of TUFT1. Exosomes shuttled HNF1A-AS1 promoted the proliferation and drug resistance of CC cells and inhibited their apoptosis by upregulating the expression of TUFT1 and downregulating miR-34b. Furthermore, suppressed exosomal HNF1A-AS1 in combination with DDP inhibited tumor growth in nude mice. Our study provides evidence that CC-secreted exosomes carrying HNF1A-AS1 as a ceRNA of miR-34b to promote the expression of TUFT1, thereby promoting the DDP resistance in CC cells. © The Author(s) 2019.

Links

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6889431/pdf/
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31827397
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12935-019-1042-4

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