Halatchev, O'Donnell, Hibberd, Gordon (2019) Applying indirect open-circuit calorimetry to study energy expenditure in gnotobiotic mice harboring different human gut microbial communities Microbiome 7(1) 158
Given the increasing use of gnotobiotic mouse models for deciphering the effects of human microbial communities on host biology, there is a need to develop new methods for characterizing these animals while maintaining their isolation from environmental microbes. We describe a method for performing open-circuit indirect calorimetry on gnotobiotic mice colonized with gut microbial consortia obtained from different human donors. In this illustrative case, cultured collections of gut bacterial strains were obtained from obese and lean co-twins. The approach allows microbial contributions to host energy homeostasis to be characterized.