Tu, Ma, Wen, Yang, Xue, Cai, Wang, Guan, Xue (2020) MicroRNA-377-3p alleviates IL-1β-caused chondrocyte apoptosis and cartilage degradation in osteoarthritis in part by downregulating ITGA6 Biochemical and biophysical research communications 523(1) 46-53
Increasing evidence indicates that altered expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) is associated with osteoarthritis (OA) progression. In our study, we demonstrated that miR-377-3p is underexpressed in OA-affected cartilage and IL-1β-treated chondrocytes. Overexpression of miR-377-3p enhanced chondrocyte proliferation and restrained apoptosis and signs of cartilage matrix degradation and of an inflammatory response. Furthermore, ITGA6 was identified as a target gene of miR-377-3p. The latter was found to directly bind to the 3' untranslated region (3'UTR) of ITGA6 mRNA and downregulate ITGA6. In addition, ITGA6 expression was high in OA-affected tissues and negatively correlated with miR-77-3p expression. Overexpression of ITGA6 reversed the effects of miR-377-3p on IL-1β-caused chondrocyte apoptosis, cartilage matrix degradation, and the inflammatory response. Moreover, bioinformatic analysis and a luciferase assay indicated that miR-377-3p expression is regulated by long noncoding RNA NEAT1, which binds to miR-377-3p and inactivates it. We showed that NEAT1 was highly expressed in OA-affected cartilage, negatively correlated with miR-377-3p levels, and positively correlated with ITGA6 levels. These findings provide information for the development of future treatments of OA, suggesting that miR-377-3p may be a therapeutic target in OA. Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.