Zhang, Zheng, Liu (2019) The long noncoding RNA PCGEM1 promotes cell proliferation, migration and invasion via targeting the miR-182/FBXW11 axis in cervical cancer Cancer cell international 19() 304


Cervical cancer (CC) is the fourth leading cause of cancer-associated death in women worldwide. Recently, long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) prostate cancer gene expression marker 1 (PCGEM1) has been demonstrated to involve in the initiation and progression of human cancers. However, to date, the clinical and functional significance of PCGEM1 expression in CC progression remains unknown. qRT-PCR was performed to investigate PCGEM1 expression levels in CC tissues and cell lines. The effect of PCGEM1 on CC cells was assessed by gain- and loss-of-function assays. MS2-binding sequences-MS2-binding protein-based RIP assay (MS2-RIP), RNA pull-down and Luciferase reporter assays were performed to investigate the interaction between PCGEM1 and miR-182. The association between miR-182 and F-box and WD repeat domain containing 11 (FBXW11) was verified by luciferase reporter assay. The effect of PCGEM1 on the NF-κB and β-catenin/TCF signaling pathways was determined by luciferase reporter assay. Our present study showed that PCGEM1 was significantly upregulated in CC tissues and cell lines. Overexpression of PCGEM1 was correlated with advanced International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage, lymph node, distant metastasis and poor prognosis in CC patients. Functionally, PCGEM1 promoted cell proliferation, cell cycle progression, migration and invasion, while suppressed cell apoptosis in CC cells. Further mechanistic investigation revealed that PCGEM1 associated with miR-182 and suppressed its expression. PCGEM1 could act as a competing endogenous (ceRNA) of oncogene F-box and WD repeat domain containing 11 (FBXW11) for miR-182 in CC cells. Additionally, PCGEM1 was capable to activate the NF-κB and β-catenin/TCF signaling pathways, which was reversed by inhibition of FBXW11. In conclusion, our findings demonstrated that PCGEM1-miR-182-FBXW11 axis play an important role in CC progression, and indicated a promising therapeutic target for CC patients. © The Author(s) 2019.