Matsu'ura, Kondo, Danhara, Sakata, Iwano, Hirata, Kurniawan, Setiyabudi, Takeshita, Hyodo, Kitaba, Sudo, Danhara, Aziz (2020) Age control of the first appearance datum for Javanese Homo erectus in the Sangiran area Science (New York, N.Y.) 367(6474) 210-214


The chronology of the World Heritage Site of Sangiran in Indonesia is crucial for the understanding of human dispersals and settlement in Asia in the Early Pleistocene (before 780,000 years ago). It has been controversial, however, especially regarding the timing of the earliest hominin migration into the Sangiran region. We use a method of combining fission-track and uranium-lead dating and present key ages to calibrate the lower (older) Sangiran hominin-bearing horizons. We conclude that the first appearance datum for the Sangiran hominins is most likely ~1.3 million years ago and less than 1.5 million years ago, which is markedly later than the dates that have been widely accepted for the past two decades. Copyright © 2020 The Authors, some rights reserved; exclusive licensee American Association for the Advancement of Science. No claim to original U.S. Government Works.