González-Domínguez, Colusso, Litti, Ostric, Meneghetti, Da Ros (2019) Thiolated Graphene Oxide Nanoribbons as Templates for Anchoring Gold Nanoparticles: Two-Dimensional Nanostructures for SERS ChemPlusChem 84(7) 862-871
Graphene oxide nanoribbons (GONRs), obtained from the oxidative unzipping of carbon nanotubes, have been investigated as building blocks towards reaching active platforms in surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS). The complete development of carbon nanomaterials is strongly related to the exploitation of their chemical versatility, so this work is focused on the positive effect that a specific chemical functionalization provides to the SERS effect when gold nanoparticles are used. The covalent derivatization of GONRs with terminal thiol groups boosts their interaction with different types of gold nanoparticles (namely, 'naked' or citrate-stabilized), and the resulting two-dimensional aggregates show an intense enhancement of the Raman scattering from the carbon nanostructures because of their two-dimensional extended aggregation pattern. The SERS effect has been corroborated by theoretical calculations and a conceptual proof of SERS-based sensing. © 2019 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.