Álvarez, Gutiérrez, Auzmendi, Correa, Lazarowski, Bolontrade (2020) Acquisition of stem associated-features on metastatic osteosarcoma cells and their functional effects on mesenchymal stem cells Biochimica et biophysica acta. General subjects 1864(4) 129522
Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most frequent malignant bone tumor, affecting predominantly children and young adults. Metastases are a major clinical challenge in OS. In this context, 20% of OS patients are diagnosed with metastatic OS, but near 80% of all OS patients could present non-detectable micrometastases at the moment of diagnosis. Osteogenic differentiation; doxorubicin exclusion assay; fluorescence microscopy; RT-qPCR; proteomic analysis. Our results suggest that metastatic OS cells possess a diminished osteoblastic differentiation potential with a gain of metastatic traits like the capacity to modify intracellular localization of chemodrugs and higher levels of expression of stemness-related genes. On the opposite hand, non-metastatic OS cells possess bone-associated traits like higher osteoblastic differentiation and also an osteoblastic-inducer secretome. OS cells also differ in the nature of their interaction with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), with opposites impacts on MSCs phenotype and behavior. All this suggests that a major trait acquired by metastatic cells is a switch into a stem-like state that could favor its survival in the pulmonary niche, opening new possibilities for personalized chemotherapeutic schemes. Our work provides new insights regarding differences among metastatic and non-metastatic OS cells, with particular emphasis on differentiation potential, multidrug resistance and interaction with MSCs. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.