Dumas, Bonnefille, Gomez, Boccard, Castro, Fenet, Courant (2020) Metabolomics approach reveals disruption of metabolic pathways in the marine bivalve Mytilus galloprovincialis exposed to a WWTP effluent extract The Science of the total environment 712() 136551
Conventional wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) discharge a highly diverse range of organic contaminants in aquatic environments, including marine waters. The health of marine ecosystems could be threatened by contaminants release. Environmental metabolomics can be helpful to assess the effects of multi-contamination on marine organisms without any a priori information since it is able to provide meaningful information on the biochemical response of organisms to a stress. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the potential of metabolomics to highlight key metabolites disrupted by a WWTP effluent extract exposure and then elucidate the biological effects of such exposure on Mediterranean mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis). Exposed male mussels showed numerous metabolites altered in response to WWTP effluent exposure. The highlighted metabolites belong mainly to amino acids metabolism (e.g. tyrosine, phenylalanine, leucine, proline, etc.), neurohormones (dopamine and a serotonin metabolite), purine and pyrimidine metabolism (e.g. adenosine, adenine, guanine, uracil etc.), citric acid cycle intermediates (e.g. malate, fumarate), and a component involved in oxidative stress defense (oxidized glutathione). Modulation of these metabolites could reflect the alteration of several biological processes such as energy metabolism, DNA and RNA synthesis, immune system, osmoregulation, byssus formation and reproduction, which may lead to a negative impact of organism fitness. Our study provided further insight into the effects of WWTP effluents on marine organisms. Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier B.V.