Muscogiuri, Chiesa, Trotta, Gatti, Palmisano, Dell'Aversana, Baessato, Cavaliere, Cicala, Loffreno, Rizzon, Guglielmo, Baggiano, Fusini, Saba, Andreini, Pepi, Rabbat, Guaricci, De Cecco, Colombo, Pontone (2020) Performance of a deep learning algorithm for the evaluation of CAD-RADS classification with CCTA Atherosclerosis 294() 25-32
Artificial intelligence (AI) is increasing its role in diagnosis of patients with suspicious coronary artery disease. The aim of this manuscript is to develop a deep convolutional neural network (CNN) to classify coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) in the correct Coronary Artery Disease Reporting and Data System (CAD-RADS) category. Two hundred eighty eight patients who underwent clinically indicated CCTA were included in this single-center retrospective study. The CCTAs were stratified by CAD-RADS scores by expert readers and considered as reference standard. A deep CNN was designed and tested on the CCTA dataset and compared to on-site reading. The deep CNN analyzed the diagnostic accuracy of the following three Models based on CAD-RADS classification: Model A (CAD-RADS 0 vs CAD-RADS 1-2 vs CAD-RADS 3,4,5), Model 1 (CAD-RADS 0 vs CAD-RADS>0), Model 2 (CAD-RADS 0-2 vs CAD-RADS 3-5). Time of analysis for both physicians and CNN were recorded. Model A showed a sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value, positive predictive value and accuracy of 47%, 74%, 77%, 46% and 60%, respectively. Model 1 showed a sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value, positive predictive value and accuracy of 66%, 91%, 92%, 63%, 86%, respectively. Conversely, Model 2 demonstrated the following sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value, positive predictive value and accuracy: 82%, 58%, 74%, 69%, 71%, respectively. Time of analysis was significantly lower using CNN as compared to on-site reading (530.5 ± 179.1 vs 104.3 ± 1.4 sec, p=0.01) CONCLUSIONS: Deep CNN yielded accurate automated classification of patients with CAD-RADS. Copyright © 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.