Toyoda, Iida, Ishijima, Abe, Okada, Nakai (2020) A maple syrup extract alleviates liver injury in type 2 diabetic model mice Nutrition research (New York, N.Y.) 73() 97-101
A recent study showed that 54% of type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients have nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, which is a risk factor for aggravation diabetic symptoms. Previous studies suggested components in maple syrup alleviated liver injury and found polyphenols as food components to improve the symptoms and complications of diabetes. Therefore, we hypothesized that a polyphenol fraction in maple syrup improves the symptoms and complications of diabetes. To address the hypothesis, we investigated the effects of a polyphenol-rich maple syrup extract (MSE) on a T2D model mice. KK-Ay mice were fed a normal or 0.1% MSE-supplemented diet for 43 days. The results showed that the levels of serum alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase were significantly reduced in mice that ingested MSE. Hepatic genes related to lipogenesis and lipolysis were down- and upregulated, respectively, in mice that ingested MSE. These results suggest that MSE intake alleviates liver injury and suppresses lipid accumulation in the livers of T2D mice. Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.