Smith, Kirmse, Van Enkevort, Armacost, Dhamija, Trehan, Liu (2020) Improving neuropsychological seizure lateralization in Spanish-speaking people with epilepsy in the US: The need to account for education and demographic differences Epilepsy & behavior : E&B 104(Pt A) 106890
The objective of the study was to investigate the predictive seizure lateralization ability of the Neuropsychological Screening Battery for Hispanics (NeSBHIS) in an optimally, demographically matched cohort of primarily immigrant Spanish-speaking people with epilepsy (PWE) living in the US. Linguistically and culturally appropriate neuropsychological measures for Spanish-speaking people are increasingly needed in the US, especially as this diverse, international population grows. The NeSBHIS was developed to meet this need. Previous studies were inconclusive regarding its utility in epilepsy lateralization with PWE. Sample size and demographic variables, particularly educational levels, which anchor neuropsychological normative data and guide clinical use, limited the conclusions of earlier studies. A retrospective study, the NeSBHIS battery's ability to predict seizure lateralization in a large cohort of Spanish-speaking PWE (n = 108) was conducted using normative data based on refined, smaller education ranges suggested by the author of the NeSBHIS, Pontón. Regression analysis revealed that four NeSBHIS subtests representing different cognitive domains produced the best model for predicting lateralization: 1) language, 2) attention/mental control, 3) visual memory recall, and 4) verbal memory recall. Prediction accuracy overall was 62% (67.3% for left hemisphere (LH) and 55.8% for right hemisphere (RH)). This study demonstrated the clinical utility of the NeSBHIS in seizure lateralization in a large cohort of Spanish-speaking PWE by analyzing standardized scores based on refined, education-based normative samples. These results also highlight that demographic variables, in particular, education, which varies greatly across Spanish-speaking nations in terms of compulsory educational opportunity and quality, must be accounted for more carefully in clinical and research practice. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.