Wolf, Klockziem, Majewski, Schulte, Krauss, Blahak (2019) Implementation of New Technology in Patients with Chronic Deep Brain Stimulation: Switching from Non-Rechargeable Constant Voltage to Rechargeable Constant Current Stimulation Stereotactic and functional neurosurgery 97(5-6) 362-368
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) for movement disorders has been mainly performed with constant voltage (CV) technology. More recently also constant current (CC) systems have been developed which theoretically might have additional advantages. Furthermore, rechargeable (RC) system implantable pulse generators (IPG) are increasingly being used rather than the former solely available non-rechargeable (NRC) IPGs. To provide a systematic investigation how to proceed and adapt settings when switching from CV NRC to CC RC technology. We prospectively collected data from 11 consecutive patients (10 men, mean age at DBS implantation 52.6 ± 14.0 years) with chronic DBS for dystonia (n = 7), Parkinson disease (n = 3), and essential tremor (n = 1) who underwent IPG replacement switching from a CV NRC system (Activa® PC; Medtronic®) to a CC RC system (Vercise® RC; Boston Scientific®). Systematic assessments before and after IPG replacement were performed. DBS technology switching at the time of IPG replacement due to battery depletion was at a mean of 108.5 ± 46.2 months of chronic DBS. No perioperative complications occurred. Clinical outcome was stable with overall mild improvements or deteriorations, which could be dealt with in short-term follow-up. Patients were satisfied with the new RC IPG. This study confirms both the safety and feasibility of switching between different DBS technologies (CV to CC, NRC to RC, different manufacturers) in patients with chronic DBS. Furthermore, it shows how the management can be planned using available information from the previous DBS settings. Individual assessment is needed and might partly be related to the DBS target and the underlying disease. MR safety might be a problem with such hybrid systems. © 2020 S. Karger AG, Basel.