Li, Wang, Luo, Zhang, Zhang, Li (2020) Interpersonal Neural Synchronization During Cooperative Behavior of Basketball Players: A fNIRS-Based Hyperscanning Study Frontiers in human neuroscience 14() 169
Accumulating evidence has consistently shown that team-based sports (such as basketball) are beneficial to interpersonal cooperation. However, its neural correlate remains to be discovered, especially in the perspective of two-person neuroscience. In this study, 12 dyads of basketball players and 12 dyads of college students who had no experience of team-based sports training were asked to perform joint-drawing task and control task. During task performance, neural activities were recorded in frontal area by the functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS)-based hyperscanning approach. The results demonstrated that dyads of basketball players were faster to finish joint-drawing task and showed higher subjective cooperativeness than dyads of college students. Meanwhile, significant interpersonal neural synchronization (INS) was observed in the dorsolateral prefrontal area only when pairs of basketball players performed joint-drawing task, but not control task. Therefore, we provide the first piece of inter-brain evidence for enhanced cooperative behavior in the individuals with team-based sports training, which could make us deeply understand exact neural correlate for experience-dependent changes of cognitions in humans. Copyright © 2020 Li, Wang, Luo, Zhang, Zhang and Li.
越来越多的证据一致表明，基于团队的运动（例如篮球）有利于人际合作。但是，其神经相关性仍有待发现，尤其是在两人神经科学的角度。在这项研究中，要求12名篮球运动员和12名没有进行基于团队的运动训练经验的大学生执行联合绘图任务和控制任务。在执行任务期间，通过基于功能近红外光谱（fNIRS）的超扫描方法在额叶区域记录了神经活动。结果表明，与大学生的二元组相比，篮球运动员的二元组更快地完成绘图任务并显示出更高的主观合作性。同时，仅在成对的篮球运动员执行抽签任务而不执行控制任务时，才在背外侧前额叶区域观察到明显的人际神经同步（INS）。因此，我们通过基于团队的运动训练，为增强个体的合作行为提供了大脑间的第一证据，这可以使我们深入了解与人类经验相关的认知变化的确切神经相关性。版权所有©2020 Li，Wang，Luo，Zhang，Zhang and Li。