Correlating functional near-infrared spectroscopy with underlying cortical regions of 0-, 1-, and 2-year-olds using theoretical light propagation analysisCai, Okada, Minagawa, Kawaguchi (2021) Correlating functional near-infrared spectroscopy with underlying cortical regions of 0-, 1-, and 2-year-olds using theoretical light propagation analysis Neurophotonics (IF: 5.3) 8(2) 025009
Significance: The establishment of a light propagation analysis-based scalp-cortex correlation (SCC) between the scalp location of the source-detector (SD) pair and brain regions is essential for measuring functional brain development in the first 2 years of life using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). Aim: We aimed to reveal the optics-based SCC of 0-, 1-, and 2-year-olds (yo) and the suitable SD distance for this age period. Approach: Light propagation analyses using age-appropriate head models were conducted on SD pairs at 10-10 fiducial points on the scalp to obtain optics-based SCC and its metrics: the number of corresponding brain regions ( N C B R ), selectivity and sensitivity of the most likely corresponding brain region (MLCBR), and consistency of the MLCBR across developmental ages. Moreover, we assessed the suitable SD distances for 0-, 1-, and 2-yo by simultaneously considering the selectivity and sensitivity of the MLCBR. Results: Age-related changes in the SCC metrics were observed. For instance, the N C B R of 0-yo was larger than that of 1- and 2-yo. Conversely, the selectivity of 0-yo was lower than that of 1- and 2-yo. The sensitivity of 1-yo was higher than that of 0-yo at 15- to 30-mm SD distances and higher than that of 2-yo at 10-mm SD distance. Notably, the MLCBR of the fiducial points around the longitudinal fissure was inconsistent across age groups. An SD distance between 15 and 25 mm was found to be appropriate for satisfying both sensitivity and selectivity requirements. In addition, this work provides reference tables of optics-based SCC for 0-, 1-, and 2-yo. Conclusions: Optics-based SCC will be informative in designing and explaining child developmental studies using fNIRS. The suitable SD distances were between 15 and 25 mm for the first 2 years of life.© 2021 The Authors.